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Cluster Settings

This document outlines the various configuration items to keep in mind when planning a LeoFS system's cluster, and this documentation leads you to be able to configure its cluster when planning and launching it correctly.

Prior Knowledge

LeoFS adopts eventual consistency of the consistency model; it takes priority over AP (Availability and Partition tolerance) over C (consistency) which depends on CAP theorem.

To keep the consistency of objects eventually, LeoFS delivers the replication and recovery feature to automatically fix consistency of objects. You can configure the consistency level of a LeoFS system, and it is affected by the configuration.

How to Keep RING's Consistency

Case 1: Both LeoManager nodes are unavailable

If both LeoManager nodes are unavailable, LeoStorage and LeoGateway nodes don't update the RING to keep its consistency into the LeoFS system.

Case 2: One LeoManager node is unavailable

If a LeoManager node is unavailable, LeoFS can update the RING, and synchronize it with the LeoFS' system eventually. After restarting another LeoManager node, LeoManager automatically synchronizes the RING between the manager nodes.

Consistency Level

Configure the consistency level of a LeoFS system at LeoManager's configuration file - leo_manager_0.conf. You need to carefully configure the consistency level because it is not able to change some items after starting the system.

There are four configuration items at leo_manager_0.conf, items of which have a great impact on data availability and storage performance.

Item Abbr Modifiable Default Description
consistency.num_of_replicas n No 1 A number of replicas
consistency.write w Yes 1 A number of replicas needed for a successful WRITE operation
consistency.read r Yes 1 A number of replicas needed for a successful READ operation
consistency.delete d Yes 1 A number of replicas needed for a successful DELETE operation
consistency.rack_aware_replicas No 0 A number of rack-aware replicas

Data Availability of Consistency Level

This document delivers the relationship of data availability and configuration level as below:

Data Availability Configuration Level Description
Extremely Low n=2, r=1
w=1, d=1
Data can not be acquired even if two nodes goes down (for personal use)
Low n=3, r=1
w=1, d=1
Low data consistency
Middle(1) n=3, r=1
w=2, d=2
Typical settings
Middle(2) n=3, r=2
w=2, d=2
High data consistency than Middle(1)
High n=3, r=2
w=3, d=3
Data can not be input and removed even if one node goes down
Extremely High n=3, r=3
w=3, d=3
Data can not be acquired even if one node goes down (can not be recommended)

How To Change Consistency Level

You can change consistency.write, consistency.read and consistency.delete of the consistency level that you use the leofs-adm update-consistency-level command, but you cannot update num_of_replicas and rack_aware_replicas.

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## Changes the consistency level to [w:2, d:2, r:1]
$ leofs-adm update-consistency-level 2 2 1