Systemd Services

This section describes how to manage LeoFS nodes on systemd-based Linux distributions.


Users of LeoFS v1.4.0 or higher running official Linux packages under supported systemd-based Linux distros (currently: Ubuntu 16.04 and EL7-based) can use supplied systemd units for starting/stopping nodes. Advantages offered by doing so include:

  • Way to automatically start nodes on system startup and correctly shutdown them during power off / reboot.
  • Reliable way of controlling nodes (e.g. when LeoStorage node is launched in absence of LeoManager nodes, it will keep on restarting till LeoManager becomes available; nodes always being able to restart in case of unexpected situation such as crash or OOM kill)
  • Correct inter-node dependencies (affecting startup/shutdown order) for launching nodes in all-in-one cluster (when all nodes are running on the same system, e.g. for testing)

It's possible to switch to systemd-based way to control nodes (and back) anytime for users of v1.4.0 and higher running any supported systemd-based Linux distro.

Switching to systemd services

For most users, switch is as easy as stopping currently running node and starting corresponding systemd service instead:

# /usr/local/leofs/current/leo_manager_0/bin/leo_manager stop
# systemctl start leofs-manager-master

Names of systemd units are: leofs-manager-master, leofs-manager-slave, leofs-gateway, leofs-storage. For example, to enable automatic startup of LeoStorage use command systemctl enable leofs-storage.

Immediate change when running nodes as systemd services is that erlang.log does not exist anymore; the information from that log file is available using journalctl, e.g.

# journalctl -u leofs-manager-master

(currently, default configuration of Ubuntu 16.04 and EL7 additionally makes these messages available in syslog like /var/log/messages or /var/log/syslog, but this depends on system settings)

Caveats when using systemd services

Mixing old and new way to launch nodes

Mixing launching / stopping nodes with launch scripts and systemd services is not supported. Please don't try to start node through systemd and then stop with launch script. However, some commands of current launch scripts (other than "start/stop/console/attach") are perfectly compatible with systemd services, for example:

# systemctl start leofs-storage
# /usr/local/leofs/current/leo_storage/bin/leo_storage ping
# /usr/local/leofs/current/leo_storage/bin/leo_storage remote_console
Erlang/OTP 20 [erts-9.0] [source] [64-bit] [smp:8:8] [ds:8:8:10] [async-threads:10] [hipe] [kernel-poll:false]

Eshell V9.0  (abort with ^G)

There might be some places in LeoFS documentation that suggest you to execute launch scripts with start/stop commands. Please pay attention and substitute these with systemctl start/stop when running LeoFS nodes as systemd services.

Running nodes as user other than leofs

Current systemd unit files try to launch LeoFS nodes as leofs user and group. Changing that through environment variable or environment config file won't work, because it's likely that leofs user does not have priviledge to further change user. In case running as different user is needed for some reason, please change service files using systemd's override feature like in this example:

# systemctl edit leofs-manager-master

Then enter


Save and exit. Repeat for other unit files, if needed. For every node, user set in systemd unit files and in .environment config must be the same.

Long shutdown times

In some cases (primary, LeoStorage under high write load) a node can take a long time to shutdown. When running node as systemd service, reboot command will ask node to shutdown safely before actually rebooting the system, which might take a long time under these conditions. Current limit for LeoStorage is set to 30 minutes, though this can be changed using systemd's override feature. Long shutdown / reboot times are expected for LeoStorage under high load.

Running LeoFS nodes on systems running other Erlang software

This section only applies to people who need to run LeoFS node and some other Erlang software on the same system.

LeoFS, as well as certain types of other Erlang software relies on Erlang Port Mapper Daemon (epmd). Usually there can be only single instance of epmd running on the same node. To ensure smooth LeoFS operation, v1.4.0 and higher packages ensure that leofs-epmd.socket is enabled on boot and started right after upgrade. This is the case even when not using systemd-based services to launch LeoFS nodes. This service is running as "leofs" user by default (there should be no need to change that).

Usually, service for LeoFS-supplied epmd (which uses socket activation) should work even for other Erlang software that might need epmd and there will be no problems. However, in case running some other instance of epmd is really needed, it should be possible to mask leofs-epmd.socket and leofs-epmd.service and remove dependencies on these units. It should work as long as epmd is always running before launching LeoFS nodes and is set up to listen on all interfaces (, not just the local one.